Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative Medicine Treatment by Dr. Vivek Loomba


Regenerative medicine is a means to replace or regrow (reconstruct) the tissues, organs, or cells in the body. The main goal of this medicine is to treat disease, injury, or other issues by body resetting. It is completely a new field in which a different strategical approach is applied to injuries that do not heal by themselves. 

Regenerative medicine procures the involvement of experts in biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, medicine, genetics, robotics, engineering, or other fields for providing constructive (replacement) medical solutions to damaged body parts. 

How do Regenerative medicines work?

Regenerative medicines are of different forms and are still in the development stage. One of them is Stem cell therapy. Stem cell therapy is a treatment in which cells are regenerated in a lab that helps in promoting the repair of dysfunctional tissues or organs. Scientists are constantly researching the developments of stem cells such as hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, embryonic stem cells, and induced pluripotent stem cells that have the ability to perform treatment of bone-marrow transplantation, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes and heart diseases. 

On the basis of research and studies on stem cell therapy, some paracrine soluble factors released by stem cells are found to be effective in therapies related to autoimmune, degenerative, and inflammatory diseases.

Regenerative Medicine Usage

Regenerative Medicines are often used to treat 80+ diseases from neurological, orthopedic, autoimmune, inflammatory, and traumatic injuries. The major type of diseases that can benefit from stem cell therapy are –

  • Type-1 diabetes
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Brain tissue repair
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Cardiovascular tissue repair
  • Cell therapy
  • Tissue engineering
  • Skin wounds
  • Cancer
  • Organ Transplants
  • Heart disease or Stroke

Types of Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicines have undergone stem cell expansion approaches for treatment applications. Two-dimensional and Three-dimensional cell cultures help in the dramatic adaption of surviving cells and the improvement of stem cell proliferation. The main forms of regenerative medicine used for advanced treatments are –

  1. Tissue engineering and biomaterials – Three-dimensional printing is used to develop biomaterials by using substances such as metals, ceramics, and polymers called scaffolds. This helps in the growth of new tissues in the body.
  2. Cellular Therapies – Our body has millions of adult stem cells. This stem cell helps in the purpose of regenerating new tissues and healing. When an injured part of your body finds it unable to repair through the natural healing process, cellular therapy is applied by injecting adult stem cells into the area for the reconstruction of new tissues.

These adult stem cells are taken from any part of the body such as blood, fat, bone marrow, dental pulp, or skeleton muscles.

  1. Medical devices and artificial organs – If the affected organ or body part is unable to function then doctors do organ transplantation as a  replacement for your body part. However, an organ donor is hard to be found that can match your requirements on structure, blood group, and medical history.

Therefore, doctors are using regenerative medicine as artificial and robotic engineering for the replacement of an organ. It is a human-made organ device that is implanted or implemented on a specific body part as an augment for the functioning of the body part for leading a normal life.


Regenerative medicine is a new field branch in medicine that still requires research and development for large-scale usage in the replacement of a tissue or organ.

If you’re suffering from any one of the diseases mentioned above or have similar symptoms then you should consult your doctor and talk about the regenerative medicine options you have to obtain a healthy life.